ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE, Italy - The Basilica of S. Miniato al Monte, 1062.  The geometrically patterned marble facade of the  was completed in 12th century. It is located at the top of one of the highest points in Florence. The Baptistery and church of S. Miniato al Monte are the prinicipal monuments of Florence's Romanesque architecture.

ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE, Italy - The Basilica of S. Miniato al Monte, 1062. The geometrically patterned marble facade of the was completed in 12th century. It is located at the top of one of the highest points in Florence. The Baptistery and church of S. Miniato al Monte are the prinicipal monuments of Florence's Romanesque architecture.

dome of Santa Maria del Fiore. 1420-36, Florence, Italy / Filippo Brunelleschi

dome of Santa Maria del Fiore. 1420-36, Florence, Italy / Filippo Brunelleschi

MINOAN CIVILIZATION:; Minoan Fresco wall painting of "Spring", Archaeological Museum of Athens. # from Minoan Bronze Age settlement of Akrotiri on the Greek island of Thira, Santorini, Greece.#

MINOAN CIVILIZATION:; Minoan Fresco wall painting of "Spring", Archaeological Museum of Athens. # from Minoan Bronze Age settlement of Akrotiri on the Greek island of Thira, Santorini, Greece.#

19TH CENTURY, Neo-Classicism, Germany - Gottfried Semper (1803-79): The Oprea House, 1871-8, (rebuilt after 1945), Dresden.

19TH CENTURY, Neo-Classicism, Germany - Gottfried Semper (1803-79): The Oprea House, 1871-8, (rebuilt after 1945), Dresden.

LATE BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE -  The  Cathedral of Monreale, near Palermo, begun 1174 .  The exterior of the apse is decorated by blind arcading of small crossed arches in arabesque style. other styles such as Norman and gothic were also used.

LATE BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE - The Cathedral of Monreale, near Palermo, begun 1174 . The exterior of the apse is decorated by blind arcading of small crossed arches in arabesque style. other styles such as Norman and gothic were also used.

HIGH RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTURE, North Italy; Palazzo della Ragione, Vicenza, 1549, by Palladio. # Palladio's first major public project began with rebuilding of the 15th century Gothic style of the town hall. He proposed an addition of two-story stone buttresses reflecting the Gothic style of the existing hall while using classical proportions. The most notable feature of the edifice is the loggia, which shows one of the first examples of the what came to be known as the Palladian window.#

HIGH RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTURE, North Italy; Palazzo della Ragione, Vicenza, 1549, by Palladio. # Palladio's first major public project began with rebuilding of the 15th century Gothic style of the town hall. He proposed an addition of two-story stone buttresses reflecting the Gothic style of the existing hall while using classical proportions. The most notable feature of the edifice is the loggia, which shows one of the first examples of the what came to be known as the Palladian window.#

Museum für angewandte Kunst, Frankfurt, 1985, designed by Richard Meier

Museum für angewandte Kunst, Frankfurt, 1985, designed by Richard Meier

The colonnade, 1643-1715 Louis Le Vau, Claude Perrault, Charles Le Brun, the Palais du Louvre, Paris, France

The colonnade, 1643-1715 Louis Le Vau, Claude Perrault, Charles Le Brun, the Palais du Louvre, Paris, France

BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE - Church of Hagia Irene, begun 532, Istanbul. The scheme design of the domed Hagia Sophia had influenced the church of Hagia Irene or Holy Peace. It commissioned by Justinian I in 532 and rebuilt in 564 and again in 740. Its current form is from 8th century.

BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE - Church of Hagia Irene, begun 532, Istanbul. The scheme design of the domed Hagia Sophia had influenced the church of Hagia Irene or Holy Peace. It commissioned by Justinian I in 532 and rebuilt in 564 and again in 740. Its current form is from 8th century.

CLASSICAL PERIOD OF GREECE; Temple of Poseidon, Cape Sounion, near Athens, 440 BC # The temple of Poseidon was constructed in 444-440 BC, over the ruins of a temple dating from the Archaic Period. It was Built in the same period and to similar plan of the Temple of Hephaistos in the Agora of Athens.#

CLASSICAL PERIOD OF GREECE; Temple of Poseidon, Cape Sounion, near Athens, 440 BC # The temple of Poseidon was constructed in 444-440 BC, over the ruins of a temple dating from the Archaic Period. It was Built in the same period and to similar plan of the Temple of Hephaistos in the Agora of Athens.#

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